Creating a linked server ´MySQL to MSSQL´(query the MySQL database without openquery function)

In addition to my previous linked server tutorials, I decided it is time to add MySQL to the linked server series.
In order to have the bug tracking application, Mantis migrated from linux and have it run on a windows environment, I wanted to create a replication between SQL2008 and MySQL, but then I thought, why not try out a virtual linked server again first, to test Mantis isntallation on a Windows based installation, since the online promise of Mantis on a MSSQl environment is not very promising. So today we will create a linked server from MySQl to MSSQL on a windows 2008R 64 bit environment.

Create DNS for MySQL

In order to do so, We first need to install the correct drivers in order to create a ODBC DSN, Just download the drivers from Mysql developers site and install them to your database server. DriversIf we see the listed drivers, it means we can create a new DSN, so open up the System DSN tab and ADD a new DSN, you must fill in the correct credentials, for example:ODBC_Connector

Data Source Name: Enter a describing name, so you can see what it does, you might have more linked servers or other connectors running on the same server.
Description: this isnt maditory, but if you want to be more specific, be my guest.
Server: in my case,it’s localhost, as this is a test server and MSSQL and MySQl are on the same server.
Insert username and password, when this is done. The database will display the possible databases you can connect to, in the dropdown.

Click OK and as you can see the System DSN has been added to ODBC.

Create new Linked Server

When this is done, it’s time to open up the MSSQl server and add a new linked server to the Server Objects.4_create_LInkedsname your linked server, I give it the same name as the SystemDSN. And choose the correct provider: Microsoft OLE DB Provider for ODBC Drivers. and datasource equels DSN name.
You need to fill in all the credentials for the provider string, for example:

DRIVER=(MySQL ODBC 5.2 ANSI Driver);SERVER=localhost;PORT=3306;DATABASE=mantisbt; USER=user;PASSWORD=password;OPTION=3;

Note: meaning of OPTION=3 in the MySQL connection string:
Option=1 FLAG_FIELD_LENGHT: Do not Optimize Column Width
Option=2 FLAG_FOUND_ROWS: Return matching rows
Option=3 option 1 and 2 together

Now click OK, this is always the most fun part to me! when it says connection tot the linked server succeeded!

In addition to this, you can enable provider options on the SQLOLEDB, In my case I select the Dynamic Parameter and Allow inprocess.

Now, lets run the test and see if it connects with the databases, as you can see, it connects all the databases available on the MySQL server.

Connection test

But, most important, we can query it directly. Wheeee!

Linked server without OpenQuery function (Tip!)

Maybe you have read other MySQL linked server tutorials before this one and found out that you could only query the mysql database using the openquery() function or maybe that IS  the reason it brought you to this site. Extra, as in extra work, is never fun! With the correct ODBC driver and the right provider options, you can query the MySQl database, just like any other MSSQL database on your MSSQL server. Just follow the tutorial above and don’t forget to  enable the correct provider options. Cheers!

Tooltip for this month SSMA for MySQL

Since Sun MicroSystems has been aquired by Oracle, Some people have had their doubts about the future of MySQL, ofcourse there is MariaDB, a fairly new MySQL solution founded by the masterbrain behind MySQL, Monthy. But it just doesn’t do it ‘yet’ for the bigger audience, i never heard a client ask for a MariaDB database solution, the questions are always the same, Are we going to use Oracle or Microsoft and what are the organization costs to implement and support?

SQL 2008 Express

If you are a personal or a non heavy user of databases Microsoft released the MSSQL Express edition, a free SQL database version that supports databases up to 10 GB. Read more about the free Microsoft SQL 2008 R2 Express here. And to make it even easier for you, Microsoft has now released the MySQL migration Assistent (SSMA) at the 12th of August. The SSMA tool is available for servers SQL2005, 2008, 2008 R2 and SQL Azure and is compatible with MySQL version 4.2 and higher, also suitable for 64 bit platforms. So what’s keeping you up? For everyone who still has doubts, Microsoft will now convince you. After a SQL migration assistant for Oracle, Access and SyBase, MySQl has been added to this list. A pretty smart move for Microsoft to generate even more new clients, who still had cold feet, thinking about costs and downtime of the servers, there is no longer an excuse. Microsoft is listening, improving and on the move!